Interest in children’s drawings is contemporary with the birth of modern psychology but as yet there is no psychological theory that successfully accounts for the nature of children’s drawing. The two main theories, visual realism and intellectual realism, fall short. The work of Georges-Henri Luquet is important because it goes beyond both theories. Luquet’s work, though important and of interest to developmental psychologists, remains untranslated to date and so is often inaccurately cited. This translation of Le Dessin Enfantin makes Luquet’s ideas available to a wider readership for the first time.